Numer 5 (1-2/2011)
Bodies of Canada / C-or(p)ganismes du Canada

Redaktorzy: Zuzanna Szatanik, Michał Krzykawski
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Cyraina Johnson-Roullier
Revitalizing RIAS
5 – 7
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University of Notre Dame, USA

Cyraina Johnson-Roullier
La révitalisation de la RIAS
9 – 11
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University of Notre Dame, USA

Zuzanna Szatanik,
Michał Krzykawski
Bodies of Canada. Conceptualizations of Canadian Space and the Rhetoric of Gender
13 – 22
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Zuzanna Szatanik
Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach

Michał Krzykawski
Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach

Zuzanna Szatanik,
Michał Krzykawski
C-or(p)ganismes du Canada. Conceptualisations de l’espace canadien et la rhétorique du genre
25 – 35
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Zuzanna Szatanik
Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach

Michał Krzykawski
Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach

Aritha van Herk
Bawdy Bodies: Bridging Robert Kroetsch and bpNichol
37 – 56
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Streszczenie

How does a body in Canada seek to know itself? Only through the juxtaposition of largeness and detail, and by embracing a fragmented and necessarily incomplete vision. This ficto-critical piece performs a cross-genre reading of Canada’s bewildered and bewildering body through two key texts by major Canadian poets. Too Bad by Robert Kroetsch and Selected Organs: Parts of an Autobiography, by bpNichol, suggest a conduit into the landscape of the body, and how that body seeks to invent itself through a bawdy language. These two Canadian writers, too large to be encapsulated, propose in their work a way of writing the body in Canada through fragments. This reading argues that dinggedicten, poetic forms that attempt to describe objects from within, rather than externally, are key to how the bawdy/body can unpack the large and thus unseeable body of Canada, from the perspective that we can never see the body of the whole, only parts, fractions, segments. The analysis addresses how these poets provide a contrapuntal edge to totalizing readings of the Canadian body, examining as well the use of ironic distance as a means of inhabiting the body in order to write that body. It moves from a discussion of Canada’s unwieldy body to the auto-biographical body. Its focus on liminallymapped bodies and the desires of detail within the experiencing body, vivisects the Kroetsch and nichol texts through van Herk’s own autobiographical ficto-critical interventions. Imbricated in the analysis is a meditation on how landscape marks the body and how body becomes itself a nation.


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Uniwersytet w Calgary, Kanada

Eva C. Karpinski
Bodies Material and Immaterial: Daphne Marlatt’s Ghost-Writing and Transnationalism in Taken
59 – 86
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Focusing on Daphne Marlatt’s 1996 novel Taken, this paper argues that by politicizing the interconnectedness of language, body, place, and memory, Marlatt extends the practice of feminist discourse beyond the framework of gender and nation. Attending to the hauntings of (post)colonial history, including the trauma of the Asia-Pacific War and the Gulf War, she explores the linkages and connections among various nationalisms, heteropatriarchies, colonialisms, and militarisms. In the rhetorical play of the body in Marlatt’s feminist poetics and politics of writing, we can recognize an implicit critique of Western hegemonic narratives of self as bounded, rational, individualistic. She adopts a number of strategies to decenter the primacy and singularity of this disembodied humanist subject, distancing herself from the dominant tradition of writing as an act of singular consciousness. Her accomplishment in Taken is to give new relevance to écriture au féminin by providing a historicized, transnational perspective, which allows us to see the connections between different bodies in the intimate and the global scale while reinforcing the need for relationality in the contemporary conflict-haunted world.


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York University, Toronto, Kanada

Małgorzata Myk
Traversing Gendered Spaces with Nicole Brossard's Lesbians: Figurations of Nomadic Subjectivity in Picture Theory
89 – 114
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This paper proposes a reading of Nicole Brossard’s innovative Picture Theory in the context of Rosi Braidotti’s figuration of ‘nomadic subjectivity’ proposed in her 1994 study Nomadic Subjects: Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory and Elizabeth Grosz’s politics of corporeal feminism and nomad desire advanced in Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism. I argue that the narrative of Picture Theory can be productively read in light of Braidotti and Grosz’s feminist speculative theorizations of nomadism and nomadic subjectivity as a kind of strategically deployed utopian vision with a political potential.


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Uniwersytet Łódzki

Laura Sarnelli
Overlapping Territories, Drifting Bodies in Dionne Brand’s Work
117 – 133
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This paper explores the issue of national and gendered identity as related to the transcultural topographies of Canada in Dionne Brand’s work. Given her multiple dislocations between the Caribbean and Canada, and given her liminal location as a woman and a black lesbian, Dionne Brand openly critiques identity politics, offering counter-narratives which figure new spaces to inhabit. As the geographical boundaries of nations do not reflect her imagined community, Brand’s works reveal the unfolding of fluid textual maps which re-chart and re-configure transnational diasporic communities between the Caribbean and Canada, making these very spaces flowing, shifting, where territories overlap and desiring bodies wander adrift. She imagines an embodied cartography of desire between the Caribbean and Canada traced out through the representation of erotic, sensual, and affective bodies.


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Università degli Studi di Napoli "L'Orientale", Włochy

Jess Huber
Queering Bodies, Queering Boundaries: Localizing Identity in and of the Body in Hiromi Goto’s The Kappa Child
135 – 163
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Streszczenie

In The Kappa Child, Hiromi Goto attempts to engage questions of nationality, ethnicity, community and identity formation through the concrete lived experience of one unnamed narrator who is impregnated by and with a mythical Japanese kappa. As theorists like Kit Dobson and others engaged in transnational criticism propose opening borders to wider arenas of analysis to engage vast questions involving nations and identity, I propose to localize the debate and root analysis in the corporeal, embodied aspects of one fictional text. The title bodies in Canada then holds new meaning as this particular novel queers borders of geography, sexuality, and frequently race in favor of a local and localizing trend. What the reader may take from this novel when the last words have been read, is that the borders of nation cease to matter when the borders of the self and other are so intertwined, intermingled, intermeshed through intercourse and active discourse with bodies.


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Memorial University of Newfoundland, Kanada

Isabelle Lachance
La souriquoise en ses plaisirs. Analogie entre la femme sauvage et la Nouvelle- France chez Marc Lescarbot
165 – 185
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Cet article s’intéresse à la représentation analogique de la Nouvelle-France et de la Souriquoise (ou Montagnaise) dans le discours propagandiste de Marc Lescarbot. Proposant d’échapper aux difficultés inhérentes à la colonisation en mettant de l’avant un modèle d’établissement colonial fondé sur le plaisir en tant que marque de civilité, l’auteur de l’Histoire de la Nouvelle France (publiée entre 1609 et 1618) insiste sur l’essentielle présence des femmes afin d’atteindre un équilibre nécessaire à la réussite de cette colonisation. Sur la base de cette prescription énoncée à la fois sous les modes moral et médical, il condamne la tabagie, plaisir le plus ‘spectaculaire’ des Souriquois, mais dont les femmes sont exclues. Ce faisant, il disqualifie les alliés des Français en Nouvelle-France en tant qu’occupants légitimes et naturels de leur territoire. D’autant plus qu’ils auraient appris par la fréquentation des Français le seul plaisir qu’ils daigneraient accorder à leurs femmes, soit le baiser. Ces dernières font dès lors l’objet d’une rhétorique intéressée à double titre. D’une part, en tant que compagnes d’hommes certes courageux et loyaux au colonisateur mais encore imparfaits, elles deviennent, en raison de leurs comportements irréprochables en regard de la déchéance morale des Européennes, le signe d’une colonie qui peut aspirer à la réussite. D’autre part, à travers l’autre plaisir légitime que l’historien accorde à la Souriquoise, outre la cour amoureuse, elle en vient à incarner une terre propre à accueillir des colons dont le projet d’établissement saura répondre aux plus hautes aspirations morales, une véritable France nouvelle. En effet, chez cette femme, l’usage d’ouvrages de perles ou matachias en tant qu’ornements corporels révèle non seulement une humanité partagée sous l’égide des arts et donc du plaisir esthétique (éludant du coup les fonctions rituelle et politique de ces objets), mais surtout l’attribut d’une humilité et d’une bienséance qui contraste à la fois avec le faste européen et la sensualité débridée des Amérindiens des contrées australes, de toute manière hors de portée des espoirs coloniaux français en ce début du XVIIe siècle.


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University of Quebec at Trois-Rivieres, Canada

Vanja Polic
Tenderness of Space and Outlandish Women: The Tenderness of the Wolves and the Outlander
187 – 208
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Streszczenie

In two novels belonging to the genre of the detective fiction (Todorov)—Stef Penney’s The Tenderness of Wolves (2006) and Gil Adamson’s The Outlander (2007)—the backdrop is analyzed to reveal how the stereotypical perceptions of late 19th and early 20th century Canadian space are reworked to accommodate the development of female protagonists within generic fiction which does not usually allocate much space to character development. The stereotypical images of Canada are thus used to reveal both the space and women as sites of inscription by a white European man. The traditionally accepted binary oppositions of civilisation vs. nature, savage/Native man vs. civilised /white man, woman as subject vs. woman as object, centre vs. periphery, are problematized and deconstructed, foregrounding the marginal characters of the settler society.


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Uniwersytet w Zagrzebiu, Chorwacja

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1 – 238
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International American
https://www.journals.us.edu.pl/index.php/RIAS
ISSN 1991-2773
Studies Association
e-ISSN 1991-2773