Numer 2.1 (2016)
Redaktorzy: Jacek Fabiszak, Krzysztof Fordoński
Spis treści
Strony
Pobierz
Jacek Fabiszak,
Krzysztof Fordoński
Editorial
5 – 6
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Jacek Fabiszak
Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Krzysztof Fordoński
Uniwersytet Warszawski
Jacek Olesiejko
The problem of Cross-dressing in Ælfric’s Life of St Eugenia
7 – 25
PDF

Słowa kluczowe

Ælfricof Eynsham | life of Saint Eugenia | hagiography | Old English literature | transvestite saints

Streszczenie

Ælfric of Eynsham’s Life of St Eugenia is an account of a holy cross-dresser’s life who infiltrates and eventually heads a patriarchal community of monks in the vicinity of Alexandria and, following the exposure of her real sex, establishes a community of virgins and chaste widows in Rome.The present article attempts to reveal the narratorial masculine authority that contests Eugenia’s attempts at her own self-representation as a woman as well as counters the Latin source’s representation of Eugenia as a miles Christi.


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Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Krzysztof Fordoński
E. M. Forster and the English Ways of Ex(Sup)pressing Emotions
27 – 37
PDF

Słowa kluczowe

English | Britishness | character | expression | suppression | emotions

Streszczenie

E. M. Forster’s interest in emotions as well as in ways of expressing and suppressing them was an important theme of his essays. “Noteson the English Character”, in which he presents the idea of “the undeveloped heart”, are probably the best known of them. Forster finds “the undeveloped heart” characteristic of the British, especially men of the upper classes, educated in public schools.

The issue plays an equally important role in Forster’s fictional works. The ways and means of ex(sup)pressing emotions are often used in his novels and short stories as a useful element of characterisation and tool in developmentof the plot. They become especially valuable devises in those texts in which representatives of different cultures come into contact or oppose each other (e.g. the English and the Italians in Where Angels Fear to Tread, or the English and the Indians in A Passage to India), often, though not always, resulting in the conflict of unreasonable emotion vs. emotionless reason.

The essay attempts to reconstruct Forster’s understanding of emotions (concentrating on their forms and expression in Great Britain opposed by those of Italy and India) as based on the essay and present the ways the novelist uses ex(sup)pressing emotions in the structure of his works (discussed on selected excerpts).


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Uniwersytet Warszawski
Mira Czarnecka
Doris Lessing’s Narrative Technique as a Means of Artistic Creation of the World of Conflict and Reconciliation in The Memoirs of a Survivor
39 – 55
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Słowa kluczowe

narrative | multiplicity | voices | conflict | reconciliation

Streszczenie

The subject of the article will be the analysis of the narrative of conflict and reconciliation in The Memoirs of a Survivor, a dystopian novel by Doris Lessing, a postmodernist British author, and the description of the stylistic effect of disintegration and then fusion into unity achieved by the writer. For the purpose of the analysis the theory of narrative presented by Mieke Bal will be employed. The key tenets of the theory of narrative relevant to my task will be presented and then further elucidated by examples from the novel. This will be followed by an analysis of selected excerpts with a view of putting theory into practice. In the course of the analysis, among others, the following three strings of concepts of the above mentioned theory of narrative will be used: narrative, narrative text and narrative levels; perceptible narrator, character-bound narrator, external narrator; focalization, focalizator and character-bound focalizator. The analysis will be conducted with an aim to demonstrate that the narrative strategy employed by the author, that of the multiple voices speaking, results in the artistic creation of a broken world, whichis,however, brought to unity as the narration ends, flowing into one voice.

Marcin Sroczyński
Written On the Male Body. A. Hollinghurst’s The Swimming-Pool Library
57 – 70
PDF

Słowa kluczowe

body | Hollinghurst | The Folding Star | homosexuality | power relations

Streszczenie

Published in 1988, Alan Hollinghurst’s debut The Swimming-Pool Libraryis undoubtedly his most carnal novel. The exclusively male characters of the story operate within a world where the usual social hierarchy of class, education, and economic status is suspended, or rather – renegotiated through the bias of another set of factors: condition of body, size of penis, sexual role etc. Certain categories, such as age or race, gain new importance and fresh meanings, and they create alternative power relations which result in unexpected shifts and minglings. Hollinghurst emphasises the dichotomies between the clashing spheres of the protagonists’ lives: the “official”, rational domain of the public (i.e. institutions, socialized selves, visible surfaces), and the “underground”, untamed, dark realm of the body, rebellious and often ruthless in its pursuit of desires. The novel adds a historical dimension to the debateon male bodies by discussing the changing nature of “the homosexual formof existence” which realizes itself differently in the ideal of Ancient Greece, the romantic dream of the pre-war era, and the contemporary, commercialized exploitation of the body-machine, perfectionist, and pornographic.


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Uniwersytet Warszawski
Katarzyna Fetlińska
Cognitive Sciences and Iain Banks’s Novels: The Wasp Factory and Use of Weapons
71 – 88
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Słowa kluczowe

Iain Banks | cognitive sciences | mind | consciousness | dualism

Streszczenie

The aim of this paper is to discuss Iain Banks’s Use of Weapons (1990) and Wasp Factory (1984) in the context of the presentation of the workings of the human mind in both novels – paying special attention to the relationships this presentation has with the major break throughs made in the field of cognitive sciences. Thus, I will provide a brief analysis of how the discoveries made in cognitive sciences have transformed common ideas about consciousness and humanness. Subsequently, I shall analyse the way in which Iain Banks examines the workings of the human mind, aswell as investigates the topic of humanness. In this essay I shall argue that Iain Banks’s novels are preoccupied with discussing and demolishing dualisms, such as mind/body, emotions/reason, or nature/culture: this phenomenon is, according to me, likely to be correlated with the ideas popularised by the discoveries made in the field of cognitive sciences.


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Uniwersytet Warszawski
Ewa Kębłowska-Ławniczak
Review: Neil Brenner (ed.), 2013. Implosions/Explosions. Towards a Study of Planetary Urbanization (Berlin: Jovis)
89 – 96
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Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Leszek Drong,
Jacek Mydla
Multiculturalism and Multilingualism are not passé! PASE 2016 International Conference
97 – 101
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Leszek Drong
Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach

Jacek Mydla
Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach

Pobierz cały numer
1 – 114
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Polish Association
pjes@pjes.edu.pl
ISSN 2543-5981
for the Study of English