Numer 30 (1/2021)
Redaktorzy: Marzena Sokołowska-Paryż, Anna Wojtyś
Spis treści
Strony
Pobierz
Gerhard Fischer
Remembering Mudrooroo (1938–2019)
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.01
5 – 19
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Streszczenie

In  1965, when Angus & Robertson published Colin Johnson’s Wildcat Falling, described as the “first novel by a part-Aborigine” in Dame Mary Durack’s introduction to the book, it would have been absurd to suggest that the author was anything but a person of Aboriginal descent (Mudrooroo 1965). Born in a tiny settlement in outback Western Australia, he had come to Melbourne from Perth with the impeccable ‘street creds’ typical of black youths in Australia: taken away from his mother at the age of nine (‘neglected child’), brought up in a notorious Christian Brothers’ orphanage, having served two terms in Fremantle Gaol...


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University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Zuzanna Kruk-Buchowska
Slow Food Terra Madre: A Novel Pathway to Achieving Indigenous Australian Food Sovereignty?
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.02
21 – 34
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Słowa kluczowe

Slow Food International |Indigenous Australians |decolonisation |food sover- eignty |transnationalism

Streszczenie

The aim of this paper is to analyse the participation of Indigenous Australians in Slow Food International’s 2018 Salone del Gusto-Terra Madre meeting in Turin, Italy. Slow Food is a global grassroots organisation created to promote local food cultures and traditions, and the organisation’s Terra Madre network highlights the urgent need to pro- tect the food-production systems of Indigenous peoples, valuing their holistic approach and recognising them as custodians of biodiversity. By creating a platform for Indigenous peoples to meet and discuss their challenges and ideas, and by putting Indigenous knowl- edges and stewardship of the environment at the centre of discussions about tackling glob- al environmental challenges, the organisation encourages its Indigenous members to work toward food sovereignty in their respective countries as well as on an international level.


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Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu

Krzysztof Kosecki
“Mixed identity of circumstances”: Bronisław Malinowski in Australia and Melanesia
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.03
35 – 51
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Słowa kluczowe

First World War |Australia |Bronisław Malinowski |civilization |German cul- ture |Melanesia |‘savages’

Streszczenie

During his stay in Australia and Melanesia from 1914 to 1920, the anthropo- logist Bronisław Malinowski frequently experienced dichotomous and contradictory atti- tudes to people, places, and events: the contrast between the ‘civilized’ Australia and the ‘savage’ Melanesia; the background of the Austria-ruled Poland in which he grew up and the British-dominated Australia, Austria’s enemy in the First World War; the emotional tension of simultaneous attraction to two women – Nina Stirling of Adelaide and Elsie Rosaline Masson of Melbourne; the dilemma of the ‘heroic’ versus the ‘unheroic’ related to the war. Most of the dualities of Malinowski’s Australian-Melanesian experience, re- flected in letters to his mother Józefa Malinowska, Elsie R. Masson, and in Diary in the Strict Sense of the Term (1989), were resolved at the end of the period, which became a turning point in his life.


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Uniwersytet Łódzki

Ian Willis
“My box of memories”: An Australian Country Girl Goes to London
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.04
53 – 66
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Słowa kluczowe

women’s travel writing |letters |diaries |agency |traveller |tourist

Streszczenie

In 1954 a young country woman from New South Wales, Shirley Dunk, ex- ercised her agency and travelled to London. This was a journey to the home of her fore- fathers and copied the activities of other country women who made similar journeys. Some of the earliest of these journeys were undertaken by the wives and daughters of the 19th-century rural gentry. This research project will use a qualitative approach in an examination of Shirley’s journey archive complemented with supplementary interviews and stories of other travellers. Shirley nostalgically recalled the sense of adventure that she experienced as she left Sydney for London by ship and travelled through the United Kingdom and Europe. The article will address questions posed by the journey for Shirley and her travelling companion, Beth, and how they dealt with these forces as tourists and travellers. Shirley’s letters home were reported in the country press and reminiscent of soldier’s wartime letters home that described their tales as tourists in foreign lands. The narrative will show that Shirley, as an Australian country girl, was exposed to the cosmo- politan nature of the metropole, as were other women. The paper will explore how Shirley was subject to the forces of modernity and consumerism at a time when rural women were often limited to domesticity.


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University of Wollongong, Australia

Barbara Klonowska
Counterspaces of Resistance: Peter Carey’s Bliss
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.05
67 – 78
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Słowa kluczowe

heterotopia |resistance |Peter Carey |counterspace |suburb |Realism

Streszczenie

The article discusses how Peter Carey’s 1980 novel Bliss constructs and exam- ines various counterspaces both in and beyond the text. First, it shows how the plot jux- taposes the consumerist middle-class suburban model of life with an alternative lifestyle, presenting the attractions and limitations of both, yet preferring rather the latter. Secondly, at the level of literary convention, the text activates the strategies of comic social realism only to juxtapose them with elements of fantasy, fairy tale and myth, thus undermining the representational powers of the former and hinting at other possibilities of representation. Finally, the film adaptation of the novel shows how even rebellious or critical texts may become ‘domesticated’ or absorbed by the dominating logic of cultural production, thus once again demonstrating the ambivalent position of works of art in general, and this nov- el in particular. The article argues that the ambivalence engrained in the text is an intrinsic feature, not only of Australian culture or heterotopias but of most cultural products and practices inevitably entangled in the double logic of conforming and resistance.


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Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II

Agnieszka Żukowska
Rich Ornaments and Delightful Engines: The Poetics of Failed Festivity and Figural Automation in William Shakespeare’s Titus Andronicus
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.06
79 – 95
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Słowa kluczowe

sculpture |William Shakespeare |Titus Andronicus |Lavinia |automaton |auto- matic waterwork |Joyous Entry

Streszczenie

The present study focuses on the poetics of failed festivity in William Shakespeare’s Titus Andronicus, tracing analogies between early modern festival culture, in particular the Joyous Entry of the Renaissance prince into the city, and the machinery of the play, which is set in motion by Titus. The principal element of this machinery is the figure of Lavinia, who can be seen as the inverted version of such wonders of occa- sional architecture and civic pageantry as the automaton, the breathing sculpture and the automatic waterwork. One of the major problems explored is the confrontation of reality and fiction, or human flesh and art, in the manifestly echoic universe of the play, where the objectified automaton-like figure responds to the actions of its animators with its own stirring.


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Uniwersytet Gdański

Robert McParland
Identity, Fidelity, and Cross-Cultural Relationships in Joseph Conrad’s Almayer’s Folly
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.07
97 – 109
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Słowa kluczowe

identity |ethics |narrative |Europe |Joseph Conrad |Almayer |Malay |fidelity |cross-cultural |colonial

Streszczenie

Almayer’s Folly (1896) by Joseph Conrad challenged the conventions of the fictional romance while confronting the need of native-born Malayans and other Asian individuals to find voice and identity in an imperial context. Along with the narrative voice in this text are the many other voices of those who have been colonized. Fidelity to one’s identity and openness to relationships across cultures lies at the crux of this study. Conrad’s critics of the 1950s and 1960s dismissed his first novel as a romance with a weak subplot. However, that subplot, about Almayer’s daughter Nina and her love affair, sets forth moral claims of loyalty and fidelity that must be taken into account. For her relation- ship with a Malay prince expresses a love that is binding and enduring, one that crosses boundaries and divisions and is an apt model for our culturally convergent world. Conrad creates a dialectic of intercultural subjectivities to make a point about identity, loyalty, and self-fashioning. Whereas Almayer is portrayed as foolish and inflexible, his daughter, Nina, faces significant issues of identity, as she has to choose between the traditional, indigenous heritage of her mother and her father’s modern European aspirations. With Almayer’s Folly, Joseph Conrad showed himself to be an international novelist who could develop a story with an inter-racial and intercultural cast of characters.


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Felician University, USA

Bartłomiej Błaszkiewicz
On the Idea of the Secondary World in Susanna Clarke’s Piranesi
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.08
111 – 132
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Słowa kluczowe

fantasy |secondary world |fairy abduction |medieval |C.S. Lewis |Susanna Clarke

Streszczenie

The paper seeks to explore the concept of the secondary world as developed in Susanna Clarke’s 2020 fantasy novel Piranesi. The analysis is conducted in the context of the evolution of the literary motif of fairy abduction between the classic medieval texts and its current incarnations in modern speculative fiction. The argument relates the unique secondary world model found in Clarke’s novel to the extensive intertextual relationship Piranesi has with the tradition of portal fantasy narratives, and discusses it in the context of the progressive cognitive internalisation of the perception of the fantastic which has taken place between the traditional medieval paradigm and contemporary fantasy fiction.


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Uniwersytet Warszawski

Maria Antonietta Struzziero
A New Voice for an Ancient Story: Speaking from the Margins of Homer’s Iliad in Madeline Miller’s The Song of Achilles
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.09
133 – 152
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Słowa kluczowe

Homer |love |trauma |death |Madeline Miller |Achilles |Patroclus |hypertextuality |Iliad |re-writing

Streszczenie

Madeline Miller’s The Song of Achilles (2011) is an imaginative rewriting of Homer’s Iliad. The writer uses the strategy of transfocalization and enters the text from the point of view of Patroclus. His fresh look offers a new critical perspective both on the moral world of the epic and on Achilles, the great Greek hero whose complex personality and tragic hubris Patroclus observes with emotional understanding. Miller transforms the Homeric sparing narrative of the friendship between Patroclus and Achilles into a touch- ing love story built on their mutual devotion, and locates this narrative at the heart of a world of ruthless violence. This paper will consider the writer’s use of hypertextual adap- tation in the novel from the perspective of the change in the narrative focus of the source, and discuss her objectives and methodology.

Alireza Farahbakhsh,
Peyman Hoseini
Living through Precarity: A Butlerian Study of Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Lowland
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.10
153 – 170
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Słowa kluczowe

Jhumpa Lahiri |precarity |dispossession |reiterative agency |Judith Butler |The Lowland

Streszczenie

This article aims to explore Judith Butler’s concept of precarity in Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Lowland. The questions this study seeks to find answers to are: What are the various manifestations of Butler’s notion of precarity in The Lowland? And to what extent does the Butlerian sense of agency allow the main characters of The Lowland the possi- bility of overcoming precarity? This research shows how enforced dispossession, which is a product of globally-imposed precarity, incites violence and leads to the involuntary migration of the subjects. In addition, it is revealed that precarity plays a segregative role in escalating religious and tribal conflicts in the post-Partition India. More importantly, in the final analysis, this study suggests that Butler’s reiterative sense of agency fails to account for the normative dynamics of precarity which is at work in the diasporic context of The Lowland.


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Alireza Farahbakhsh
University of Guilan, Iran


Peyman Hoseini
University of Guilan, Iran

Celina Jeray
Sex, Dr(a)gs and Rock’n’Roll: Diverse Masculinities of Glam Metal, Sleaze Metal and Hair Metal
DOI: 10.7311/0860-5734.30.1.11
171 – 190
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Słowa kluczowe

heavy metal |non-hegemonic masculinity |glam metal |sleaze metal |hair metal |music history |genre theory

Streszczenie

The following essay retraces the genre development and correlations of three 1980s hard rock subgenres: glam metal, sleaze metal and hair metal. This issue is consid- ered, primarily, with reference to the theory of hegemonic and non-hegemonic masculini- ties developed by Raewyn Connell and reviewed against the theory of genre development by Jennifer C. Lena and Richard A. Peterson. Both theories are employed in order to un- derline the subtle differences between the subgenres, arguably linked to the masculinities performed by the artists’ assumed stage personas. Aside from the scholarly references, the research includes various interviews with the artists and music journalists, an analysis of over a hundred song lyrics and the vast repertoire of visual arts accompanying the music.


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Uniwersytet Wrocławski

Pobierz cały numer
1 – 190
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Uniwersytet Warszawski
ICV: 100
ISSN 0860-5734
Instytut Anglistyki
MNiSW: 70