Numer 37 (2/2015)
Redaktorzy: Paulina Tendera, Dominika Czakon, Natalia Anna Michna


Spis treści
Strony
Pobrań
In Muted Tone by Paul Verlaine (instead of introduction)
7 – 8
PDF (42)
Mateusz M. Kłagisz
Temporal, mystic and religious love: the poetry of the Taliban
9 – 27
PDF (309)

Słowa kluczowe

poetry, Taliban, human love, divine love, rerligious love

Streszczenie

Mina, Mohabbat and ishq are three Pashto words used to name two kinds of love. The first is more human while the second is divine or mystical. In this paper I have tried to analyse the poetry of the Taliban, paying special attention to the question of the aforementioned kinds of love: human, divine and religous. I decided to do that because until now most of the researchers working on the Talibanʼs songs have focussed more on their political, propaganda and religious message, with very little work dedicated to its ‘human’ character. This is why I have presented several poems selected from the collection Poetry of the Taliban by Alex Strick van Linschoten and Felix Kuehn (Gurgaon 2012) and enhanced my study with some comments.

Afiliacja

Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
Agnieszka Kot
Masculine‑feminine fantasies: the phantasmagorias of Hans Bellmer
29 – 44
PDF (113)

Słowa kluczowe

Sculpture, Body, Hans Bellmer, intimacy, love, dolls, woman‑child, BJD, surrealism, transgression, anatomy of picture, I‑Other, stratification, animality, phantasmagoria

Streszczenie

In 2013, the publishing house Word/Image Territory [Słowo/ obraz terytoria] reissued the book Bellmer, or The Anatomy of Physical Unconsciousness and Love. On one of its final pages is Hans Bellmer’s dedication, addressed to a surrealist painter. It reads as follows: ‘When everything that a man is not joins him, then he finally seems to be himself’. This inscription is the focal point of this paper. The discussion will concern the aspect of Bellmer’s work referring to the masculine‑feminine fantasies, blurring of genders and the search for one’s identity. It seems that the artist, who snatched a doll from a child’s embraces and exalted it to the rank of a work of art, only to apply to it ball joints and a defragmented body so that its parts could be assembled freely, then locked this Pygmalion of his in erotic photographs or drawings, must have sought alienation. His efforts gave rise to phantasmagorias evident in each of his works. Experiencing the works of Bellmer raises a question which is complementary to the title of the paper: How much Hans is there in Bellmer?

Afiliacja

Uniwersytet Opolski
Joanna Łapińska
‘The most exciting thing is not‑doing‑it’, or Andy Warhol’s ‘Philosophy of Love’ on the basis of Blow Job and My Hustler
45 – 59
PDF (141)

Słowa kluczowe

philosophy of love, love and sex, Andy Warhol, Blow Job, My Hustler

Streszczenie

The aim of this article is to identify characteristics of Andy Warhol’s ‘philosophy of love’, the elements of which were described in The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B and Back Again), and an analysis in this context of Warhol’s films Blow Job (1963) and My Hustler (1965). Warhol’s films are treated as an opportunity to discuss his attitude to love and sex, as they contain the key elements of his unusual ‘philosophy of love’. The artist’s biography is referenced, as are the concept of ‘impersonal narcissism’, put forth by Leo Bersani and Adam Phillips, Slavoj Žižek’s theories on the role of fantasy in a relationship, and some reflections of Susan Sontag and Esther Perel.

Afiliacja

SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny w Warszawie
Michał Sokolski
Love as subversion: the long afterlife of the romantic ideal
61 – 77
PDF (93)

Słowa kluczowe

intimacy, Anthony Giddens, Pierre Bourdieu, romantic love, ontological security, masculine domination

Streszczenie

The aim of this paper is to confront two opposite views on the romantic idea of love and its role in contemporary Western societies. According to one of the analysed perspectives, represented most fully by Anthony Giddens, the romantic idea of love is seen as a dangerous delusion, bound to be abandoned in the rapidly changing societies of today. According to the other view, proposed by Pierre Bourdieu, romantic love is still the only means to escape the power of symbolic domination. In conclusion, both accounts are analysed in terms of their underlying mythologies: Victorian in case of Giddens, Romantic in case of Bourdieu. Notions of ‘ontological security’ and the ‘unity of the loving dyad’ are shown to be the cornerstones of powerful mythological systems encompassing our aims and modes of expression.

Afiliacja

Uniwersytet Szczeciński
Paulina Tendera,
Dominika Czakon,
Natalia Anna Michna
On sexuality, carnality and desire: philosophical reflections on the film The Monk
79 – 104
PDF (87)

Słowa kluczowe

love, Sexuality, carnality, desire, Greek tragedy, European culture

Streszczenie

The eighteenth‑century English writer Matthew Gregory Lewis wrote one of the most dramatic Gothic novels, The Monk; over 200 years later, a film of the same name appeared, based on the novel and directed by Dominik Moll. The film, a free adaptation of the book, presenting the story of the moral downfall of the monk Ambrosio, has inspired us to philosophical reflections on sexuality, carnality and physical desire. In the context of these issues we have attempted to analyse and interpret this cinematic work of art. The method we have adopted is based on a thorough discussion on the topics developed in the film and related issues. This method, while not pretending to scientific objectivity, enables us to outline an interesting field of research as well as to identify a number of theoretical problems and questions which remain open.

The formula we have adopted is to quote lines from the film The Monk which permit the analysis of selected issues related to sexuality, carnality and physical desire. Moreover, these quotes serve to order the text and enable the precise identification of interpretive trains of thought.

Afiliacja

1 Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
Katarzyna Trzeciak
Sculptural object of desire: eroticism in Michel Leiris’s Aurora
105 – 114
PDF (69)

Słowa kluczowe

subjectivity, Sculpture, petrification, Medusa, surrealism

Streszczenie

The article deals with sculptural metaphors presented in Leiris’s Aurora in relation to eroticism. Aurora is the name of the the surrealist novel’s central female figure, who appears in the stories of all the different male characters. All of the men ‒ the narrator and subsequent characters ‒ are searching for a point of stabilisation of their own subjectivities, which are losing their integrity and cohesion. The phantasm of Aurora, a Medusa‑like woman, is the only entity that guarantees petrification, and therefore can stabilise subjectivity.

Eroticism connected to sculptural forms and Aurora’s ability to be at once a petrifying Medusa and an animating force of nature shows the paradoxical condition of the language and the illusory nature of any male character’s hopes for constructing stable subjectivity.

Afiliacja

Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
Pobierz cały numer
1 – 116
PDF (184)
Instytut Filozofii, Uniwersytet Jagielloński
http://pjaesthetics.uj.edu.pl/
e-ISSN 2544-8242
ul. Grodzka 52, 31-044 Kraków
pjaestheticsuj@gmail.com