Numer 47 (4/2017)
Editors of the Volume: Carla Milani Damião, Natalia Anna Michna


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Carla Milani Damião,
Natalia Anna Michna
Introduction
9 – 11
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Affiliation

1 Federal University of Goiás, Brazil / Faculty of Philosophy
2 Jagiellonian University in Kraków / Faculty of Philosophy
Sadia Aziz
Mosque, Memory and State: A Case Study of Jama Masjid (India) and the Colonial State c. 1857
DOI: 10.19205/47.17.1
13 – 29
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Abstract

This paper discusses how Masjid-e-Jahan Numa (Masjid with world vision, popularly known as Jama Masjid) constructed by Emperor Shahjahan, the fifth Mughal ruler in India, shaped the popular memory of people in Delhi and the ruling State alike until the late nineteenth century, two centuries after its construction. This mosque which was built in 1656 became the site of contestations between the Muslims of Delhi and the British Colonial State when the former was involved in a revolt against the latter in 1857 A.D., which is generally known as the Indian mutiny. The memories of violating this monument did leave a drastic impact on the minds of the people for whom this mosque was the symbol of piety, authority and moral prestige.

Affiliation

University of Delhi, India / Faculty of Social Sciences
Sonia Campaner Miguel Ferrari
Memory, Monuments and Resistance: São Paulo-Paris-São Paulo
DOI: 10.19205/47.17.2
31 – 52
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Keywords

history, memory, monuments, resistance, Walter Benjamin

Abstract

In colonized countries such as Brazil history begins when colonizers arrive and impose themselves on a territory, which for them is “new,” with history brought from afar. For those who already inhabit this territory, the past no longer exists. The Bandeirantes- -pioneers contributed in the construction of this history, which was based on violence against the natives and the usurpation of their territory. In the modern city of São Paulo, the local bourgeoisie established an ideological identification linking the inhabitants of the city, seen as entrepreneurs and tireless workers, with the pioneers of the sixteenth century. Some concepts of the German philosopher Walter Benjamin enable us to understand this process.

Affiliation

Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo, Brasil / FAFICLA-Faculdade de Filosofia, Comunicação, Letras e Artes
Sílvia Faustino
March into the Unknown: Violence and Faith in The Backlands
DOI: 10.19205/47.17.3
53 – 71
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Keywords

The Backlands, violence

Abstract

This article constitutes an interpretation of the narrative of war found in the third part of the book The Backlands by Euclides da Cunha. The main objective is to approach the nar-rative in the aspect in which it appears as the representation of a march to war towards an unknown target, in a procedure in which the position of the narrator, situated spatially on one side of the struggle, places the reader in the same perspective as that of the advancing attack. It is also intended to show that, from the ideological construction of the enemy to its inexplicable and prolonged intangibility, the narrator elaborates on the tragic subject of the alliance between violence and faith, which will erupt in the clashes at the forefront of the battle. Finally, Glauber Rocha’s film, Black God, White Devil, will be approached as an evocation of Euclides da Cunha’s book, especially regarding issues involving faith and violence in the backlands of northeastern Brazil.

Affiliation

Federal University of Bahia, Brazil / Department of Philosophy
Jeanne Marie Gagnebin,
Carla Milani Damião
Monument, Memory and Destruction: Voices from the Past and Cries in the Present
DOI: 10.19205/47.17.4
73 – 92
PDF (10)

Keywords

memory, monument, tomb, destruction, Cabocla

Abstract

Monuments, tombs, statues, artistic performances and digital images, driven by the issue of memory, through the movement of criticism and destruction, are the key concepts of this article, which was composed as a joint (two-author) essay. These concepts are inter-twined with Walter Benjamin’s thought and inferential examples, mostly connected to the politics of the past and its echoes in the present. The political issues quoted in the essay are related to colonial times as well as to the present, accentuating the racial mixture of the Brazilian people expressed through an allegorical type: the caboclo/cabocla.

Affiliation

1 UNICAMP/PUC – São Paulo, Brazil / Department of Philosophy
2 Federal University of Goiás, Brazil / Faculty of Philosophy
Dorota Golańska
The Invisible and the “Matter” of Memory: A New Materialist Approach to Countermonumental Aesthetics
DOI: 10.19205/47.17.5
93 – 107
PDF (12)

Keywords

countermonument, Germany, Holocaust, new materialism, trauma

Abstract

Taking a new materialist perspective, the article looks at the artistic installation entitled 2146 Stones Against Racism (created in 1993 by Jochen Gerz in Saarbrücken, Germany) as an example of countermonumental project dedicated to the commemoration of the Shoah. The argumentation sheds light on how, by operating in material-semiotic ways and employing aesthetics of the invisible, the memorial triggers reflection on the complex processes of memory work in post-traumatic societies.

Affiliation

University of Łódź / Department of American Studies and Mass Media
Natalia Krzyżanowska
(Counter)Monuments and (Anti)Memory in the City. An Aesthetic and Socio-Theoretical Approach
DOI: 10.19205/47.17.6
109 – 128
PDF (10)

Keywords

monuments, (counter)monuments, city spaces, collective memory, narratives of the past

Abstract

This article reflects upon the possibility of the visualisation of different forms of collective memory in the city. It focuses on the evolution of the ways of commemorating in public spaces. It juxtaposes traditional monuments erected in commemoration of an event or an “important” person for a community with (counter)monuments as a modern, critical reaction geared towards what is either ignored in historical narratives or what remains on the fringe of collective memory. While following a theoretical exploration of the concepts of memory and their fruition in monuments as well as (counter)monuments, the eventual multimodal analysis central to the paper looks in-depth at Ruth Beckermann’s work The Missing Image (Vienna, 2015). The latter is treated as an example of the possible and manifold interpretations of the function and multiplicity of meanings that (counter)-monuments bring to contemporary urban spaces.

Affiliation

Örebro University / Department of Sociology
Marta Maliszewska
The Road Monument by Oskar Hansen — Critical Narration and Commemoration Discourse
DOI: 10.19205/47.17.7
129 – 142
PDF (10)

Keywords

Oskar Hansen, perception experience, micro-narration, The Road monument, sculpture in the expanded field

Abstract

In this paper I will analyze a project of a monument titled The Road by Oskar Hansen addressing Walter Benjamin’s and Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s theses. I have presented it as an attempt to establish a discourse about Auschwitz-Birkenau beyond monumental histo-ry within the account of Friedrich Nietzsche. This example illustrates how monuments exemplifying the Open Form have been attempts to use the critical micro-narration in the field of sculpture. I refer to it through my presentation of how such a strategy makes preservation of individual postmemory possible and resists the use of history as a tool of propaganda.

Affiliation

University of Warsaw / The College of Inter-Faculty Individual Studies in the Humanities
Małgorzata Stępnik
Modernist Sculpture Parks and Their Ideological Contexts — On the Basis of the Oeuvres by Gustav Vigeland, Bernhard Hoetger and Einar Jónsson
DOI: 10.19205/47.17.8
143 – 169
PDF (11)

Keywords

early Nordic modernism, sculpture parks

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to explore the ideological contexts of sculptural works by Northern modernists: Gustav Vigeland (1869–1943) from Norway, Bernhard Hoetger (1874–1949) from Germany, and the Icelander Einar Jónsson (1874–1954). The original iconographies of the Vigelandsanlegget in Oslo, Hoetger’s Platanenhein in Darmstadt, as well as Jónsson’s oeuvres collected in Reykjavik, will be interpreted in relation to wider discourses—i.e. Nietzschean influence, a particular taste for the esoteric (theosophy) and, last but not least, a noticeable aversion to classical form.

Affiliation

Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin / Faculty of Art
About the Contributors
171 – 172
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Pobierz cały numer
1 – 174
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