Numer 12 (1/2019)
Redaktorzy: Zuzanna Kruk-Buchowska, Jenny L. Davis
Spis treści
Strony
Pobierz
Paweł Jędrzejko
The Squash Blossom
DOI: 10.31261/rias.4080
5 – 6
PDF

Afiliacja

Uniwersytet Śląski
Zuzanna Kruk-Buchowska,
Jenny L. Davis
Indigenous Social Movements in the Americas. Introduction
DOI: 10.31261/rias.7775
7 – 10
PDF

Afiliacja

1 Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
2 University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA
Elizabeth Hoover
“Fires were lit inside them”: The Pyropolitics of Water Protector Camps at Standing Rock
DOI: 10.31261/rias.7391
11 – 44
PDF

Słowa kluczowe

Social Movements, Native American, American Indian, fire, pyropolitics, #noDAPL, Standing Rock, protest camps, Indigenous

Streszczenie

The language of fire has sometimes been used in illustrative ways to describe how social movements spark, flare, and sometimes sputter out. Building on recent scholarship about protest camps, as well as borrowing language from environmental historians about fire behavior, this article draws from ethnographic research to describe the pyropolitics of the Indigenous-led anti-pipeline movement at Standing Rock—examining how fire was used as analogy and in material ways to support and drive the movement to protect water from industrial capitalism. Describing ceremonial fires, social fires, home fires, cooking fires, and fires lit in protest on the front line, this article details how fire was put to work in myriad ways in order to support the movement against the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL), and ensure social order and physical survival at the camps built to house supporters of the movement. This article concludes with descriptions of how these sparks ignited at Standing Rock followed activists home to their own communities, to other struggles that have been taken up to resist pipelines, the contamination of water, and the appropriation of Indigenous land.

Afiliacja

Brown University, USA
Joanna Ziarkowska
“Bringing Things Together": Tribalography, Lakota Language, and Communal Healing in Frances Washburn’s Elsie’s Business and The Sacred White Turkey
DOI: 10.31261/rias.6989
45 – 64
PDF

Słowa kluczowe

tribalography, Lakota culture, language revitalization, healing, storytelling, community

Streszczenie

In this article I analyze two novels by Frances Washurn (Lakota/Anishinabe), Elsie’s Business (2006) and The Sacred White Turkey (2010), through the prism of LeAnne Howe’s concept of tribalography. A critical approach that has been gaining influence in Native American Studies, tribalography emphasizes how Native epistemologies pinpoint various interrelations between Native and non-Native communities, histories, geographical places, and temporal dimensions and calls for multidisciplinary perspectives in reading Native American cultural productions. Applying tribalography in the reading of Washburn’s fiction illuminates how indigenous communities in her texts engage in cultural practices such as storytelling, speaking Lakota language, and observing Lakota ceremonies and thus revitalize their culture in the colonial context. Preserving indigenous culture is seen as an act with wider implications than solely strategic resistance: it is also an act of healing and restoring harmony in often troubled communities.

Afiliacja

Uniwersytet Warszawski
Jenny L. Davis
Refusing (Mis)Recognition: Navigating Multiple Marginalization in the U.S. Two Spirit Movement
DOI: 10.31261/rias.7328
65 – 86
PDF

Słowa kluczowe

Two Spirit, Refusal, Indigenous social movements

Streszczenie

I focus on the discursive strategies within Two Spirit events and groups that center the definition of ‘Two Spirit’ first and foremost as an Indigenous identity by using both unifying/mass terms (Native American, glbtiq) and culturally & community specific terms (specific tribe names, Two Spirit). Rather than selecting a ‘right’ term, such conversations highlight the constant, simultaneous positionings negotiated by Two Spirit people in their daily lives, and the tensions between recognizability and accuracy, communality and specificity, indigeneity and settler culture, and the burden multiply marginalized people carry in negotiating between all of these metaphorical and literal spaces. Drawing on Audra Simpson’s (2007, 2014) concept of the politics of refusal, I demonstrate how Two Spirit individuals utilize available categories of identity, not as either/or binaries but rather as overlapping concepts—differentiated along micro- and macro-scales—to refuse attempts to both reduce the Two Spirit identity to one that is based either in gender or sexuality, and the appropriation of the identity and movement by non-Indigenous individuals and groups within broader national and global queer movements.

Afiliacja

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA
Mariaelena Huambachano
Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Indigenous Foodways in the Andes of Peru
DOI: 10.31261/rias.6866
87 – 110
PDF

Słowa kluczowe

Traditional ecological knowledge (TEK), Indigenous food ways, Food Security, food sovereignty, Quechua people

Streszczenie

This article explores the Quechua peoples’ food systems as seen through a traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) lens and reflects on the vital role of Indigenous peoples’ knowledge for global food security. Data was collected from two Quechua communities, Choquecancha and Rosaspata, in the highlands of Peru, from March 2016 to August 2018. This data was collected via participatory action research, talking circles with female farmers, oral history interviews with elders, and Indigenous gatherings at chacras with community leaders and local agroecologists. Analysis of this data suggests that Quechua people’s in-depth and locally rooted knowledge concerning food security provides an Indigenous-based theoretical model of food sovereignty for the revitalization of Indigenous foodways and collective rights to food rooted in often under-recognised aspects of their Indigeneity and TEK.

Afiliacja

University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
Zuzanna Kruk-Buchowska
Food Sovereignty Practices at the Oneida Nation of Wisconsin Tsyunhehkw^ Farm: The Three Sisters, Ceremony and Community
DOI: 10.31261/rias.7561
111 – 128
PDF

Słowa kluczowe

Oneida Nation of Wisconsin, Indigenous food sovereignty, cultural revival

Streszczenie

The paper looks at the role of traditional foodways and related cultural practices in Oneida’s contemporary food sovereignty efforts, and the various understandings of the continuity of food and agricultural traditions in the community. The Oneida Nation of Wisconsin are located west of the city of Green Bay, in the northeastern part of the state, which in turn is in the north of the Midwest region of the U.S. The tribe’s Tsyunhehkw^’s (joon-hen-kwa) farm, whose name loosely translates into “life sustenance” in English, serves important cultural, economic and educational purposes. It grows Oneida white flint corn, which is considered sacred by the tribe and is used for ceremonial purposes, and tobacco for use in ceremonies and runs a traditional Three Sisters Garden. The Three Sisters—corn, beans and squash, are an important part of the Oneida creation story, as is the vision of Handsome Lake—a Seneca prophet from the turn of the nineteenth century, who played a significant role in the revival of traditional religion among the People of the Longhouse. They inform the work done at Tsyunhehkw^ to provide healthful food for the Oneida community.

Afiliacja

Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Manlio Della Marca
A Note from the New Book Review Editor
DOI: 10.31261/rias.7777
129 – 130
PDF

Afiliacja

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Niemcy
R. Michael Feener
America's Encounters with Southeast Asia, 1800–1900: Before the Pivot by Farish A. Noor (A Book Review)
DOI: 10.31261/rias.7778
131 – 136
PDF

Afiliacja

University of Oxford, UK
L. Sasha Gora
Ten Restaurants That Changed America by Paul Freedman by Paul Freedman (A Book Review)
DOI: 10.31261/rias.7779
137 – 144
PDF

Afiliacja

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Niemcy
Sonja Dobroski
America Observed: On an International Anthropology of the United States by Virginia R. Dominguez and Jasmin Habib, eds. (A Book Review)
DOI: 10.31261/rias.7780
145 – 150
PDF

Afiliacja

University of St. Andrews, Szkocja
György Tóth
Knights Across the Atlantic: The Knights of Labor in Britain and Ireland by Steven Parfitt (A Book Review)
DOI: 10.31261/rias.7781
151 – 156
PDF

Afiliacja

University of Stirling, UK
Pobierz cały numer
1 – 170
PDF
International American
https://www.journals.us.edu.pl/index.php/RIAS
ISSN: 1991-2773 (Print)
Studies Association
https://doi.org/10.31261/RIAS.x.xxxx.xx
ISSN: 1991-2773 (Online)